The Story of Gloria Ray Karl-mark
Who was Gloria Ray? No one knew until 1957. Gloria Ray was born on September 26, 1942, and was the daughter of Harvey C. and Julia Miller Ray. By the time Gloria was in Central high-school her father was retired from the from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and had founded the Agricultural Extension Services for African-Americans. While, Her mother was a sociologist for the state of Arkansas. Gloria Ray was a fifteen year old freshmen at Morrace Maan High-school, before she, signed herself up to interrogate an all white Central High in Montgomery, Alabama. When picked to interrogate Central High she decided to stand up for what was right and interrogate Central High, and to try to desegregate the High-school. Gloria Ray was then a part of the Little Rock Nine, the Little Rock nine were he first African-Americans to ever attend an all white school in Little Rock, Alabama. She attended Central High for one year through 1957-1958. The year she spent at Central was awful, she was harassed, called names, and was even pushed over and bumped in the hallways. Gloria Ray didn’t even get to finish her year at Central and this was because, all Little Rock High-schools were closed down to avoid interrogation from African-Americans. Gloria, and the Little Rock Nine were awarded the prestigious Spingarn in 1958, by the NAACP. So, her family moved to Kansas, City, Missouri, so she could finish High-school in a desegregated school that was also called Central High. After high-school Ray went to Illinois Institute of Technology, and got her Bachelor’s Degree in Chemistry, and Mathematics.
Gloria Ray then went on, to be a public school teacher, and a research assistant at the University of Chicago Research Medical Center. In 1966, Gloria married Krister Kalmark, and in 1970 she joined the International Business Machine’s (IBM) Nordic Laboratory in Stockholm Sweden, where she worked as a Technical Writer and Systems Analyst. Gloria Graduated from Kungliga Patent and Registeringsverket, in Sweden as a Patent Attorney, and From 1977 to 1981 Gloria Ray worked for IBM International Patent Operations. From 1976 through 1994 she founded and was the editor of the Computers in Industry which was an international journal of computers in industry.
In 1994 went to work in the Netherlands for Philips Telecommunications in Hilversum and then went to Philips Lightning Eindhoven. Again in 1999 the Little Rock Nine were awarded, this time they were given the Nations Highest award, the Congressional Gold Medal by Bill Clinton. Gloria is now retired, and lives in the Netherlands.